امکانات جدید فتوشاپ CC 2018

نرم افزار فوتوشاپ

فتوشاپ Photoshop یک پردازشگر گرافیکی است که بدست شرکت ادوبی گسترش یافته و برای ایجاد، ترکیب، ویرایش، بازسازی یا دگرگونی تصاویر بکار می‌رود. فتوشاپ برای سیستم‌عامل ویندوز و مکینتاش تولید شده است. هم‌چنین نگارش‌های گوناگون این نرم‌افزار تا نگارش دهم، در سیستم‌عامل لینوکس نیز با کمک ابزارهای میانه (مانند کراس‌اوور) قابل استفاده‌است.

تاریخچه نرم افزار فوتوشاپ


در حقیقت زادگاه فتوشاپ ایالت میشیگان آمریکا بوده‌است، گلن نول یک استاد دانشگاه علاقه‌مند به عکاسی بود که در خانه خود یک تاریکخانه شخصی داشت. رایانه‌های شخصی در آن زمان تازه اختراع شده بودند و گلن بسیار این اختراع را دوست داشت. فرزندان گلن نول نیز همچون پدرشان ذهن خلاقی داشتند و با در اختیار داشتن رایانه شخصی و یک تاریکخانه توانستند آینده روشنی برای خود خلق نمایند. توماس یکی از فرزندان گلن که علاقه فراوانی به عکاسی و ویرایش تصاویر داشت گفته‌است: «در دوران دبیرستان، عکاسی یکی از سرگرمی‌های من بود. من چاپ عکس‌های سیاه و سفید و رنگی و همین‌طور بازی با کنتراست و متعادل کردن رنگ‌ها را در تاریکخانه شخصی پدرم آموختم». جان برادر دیگر توماس بود که بیشتر به رایانه مشغول بود و به وسیله دستگاه Apple II Plus که پدرشان خریداری نموده بود با سیستم عامل مکینتاش برنامه‌نویسی می‌کرد. توماس نیز علاوه بر عکاسی، برنامه‌نویسی را دنبال می‌کرد. او یک Apple Macintosh Plus خرید تا به وسیله آن عکس‌های پایان‌نامه دانشگاهی خود را ویرایش کند. اما اپل مکینتاش پلاس قادر نبود سطوح خاکستری تصاویر او را نمایش دهد. توماس با توجه به نیاز فراوانی که داشت، دست به کار شده و چند برنامه نوشت که این کار را برایش عملی کنند.
جان برادر توماس با دیدن برنامه‌های برادرش بسیار هیجان زده شد و به وی پیشنهاد داد تا این برنامه‌ها را یکپارچه کرده و گسترش دهند. توماس مجموعه نرم‌افزارهایش را بعنوان Display نامگذاری نمود. جان نیز چند ایده برای ذخیره‌سازی عکس در فرمت‌های گوناگون و تاریک و روشن کردن تصاویر به توماس ارائه نمود و آنها طی مدت چند ماه این ایده‌ها را برنامه‌نویسی کردند.
آنها در سال ۱۹۸۸ نرم‌افزاری تحت عنوان Image Pro را خلق کردند. پس از کامل شدن نرم‌افزار، جان پیشنهاد تجاری سازی آن را با توماس مطرح نمود. جان در آن موقع مشغول بازاریابی در سیلیکون ولی بود. خیلی از شرکت‌ها شیفته برنامه آنها شدند، اما شرکت بارنی اسکن از سایرین مشتاق تر بود. در نهایت جان و توماس با شرکت بارنی اسکن قرارداد بستند تا این نرم‌افزار را با نام فتوشاپ در کنار اسکنرهای این شرکت به فروش رسانند. در سال ۱۹۸۸ جان یک پیش نمایش از برنامه را در شرکت ادوبی به نمایش گذاشت و این اقدام آغازی برای ارائه فتوشاپ توسط ادوبی شد.

پیشرفت هنر و تکنولوژی با نرم افزار فوتوشاپ


در ابتدا شروع کار، این نرم‌افزار رنگ و ابزارهای کاملی نداشت و در بعضی از به‌روزرسانی‌ها به دلیل مشکلات نرم‌افزار (در برنامه‌نویسی) مخاطبان ناراضی بودند و سعی می‌کردند از نسخه‌های پیشین استفاده کنند تا نسخه پایدار و جدیدی با امکانات بیشتر فرا برسد. برای مثال مشکل در خروجی گرفتن عکس، فرمت‌های محدود و …
اما امروزه شاهد این هستیم که این محصول قدرتمند شرکت ادوبی برترین نرم‌افزار درزمینه ویرایش عکس به‌شمار می‌آید، بااین‌حال با کامل شدن امکانات، دستیابی به خواسته‌ها از یک عکس بیشتر می‌شود و در همین بین هنرها، سبک‌ها و شغل‌های زیادی به وجود آمده‌اند که البته امروزه طرفداران زیادی پیداکرده‌اند، مانند فتومونتاژ، فاین آرت، تایپوگرافی، کالیکوگرافی و …

ویژگی‌های کلی نرم افزار فوتوشاپ


اگرچه در ابتدا فتوشاپ برای ویرایش عکس‌ها جهت چاپ روی کاغذ طراحی شده بود، اما به خاطر تنوع ابزارهایی که در اختیار کاربر می‌گذارد، از فتوشاپ به‌طور فزاینده‌ای برای تولید و ویرایش عکس‌ها در فرمت‌های دیجیتال (به خصوص برای استفاده در وب) استفاده می‌شود.
فتوشاپ همچنین با دیگر نرم‌افزارهای شرکت ادوب برای ویرایش و ساخت انیمیشن و لوح‌های فشرده ارتباط قوی دارد. فایل‌ها در فرمت اختصاصی فتوشاپ پی‌اس‌دی می‌توانند به نرم‌افزارهای دیگر از قبیل ادوب ایمیج‌ردی، ادوب ایلاستریتور، ادوب پریمایر، ادوب افتر افکتس و ادوب انکور دی‌وی‌دی صادر شوند و بالعکس، از آنها به فتوشاپ وارد شوند. برای مثال، فتوشاپ از ساخت منو و دکمه‌هایی برای دی‌وی‌دی حمایت می‌کند.
در نسخه‌های پیشین، این نرم‌افزار همراه با نرم‌افزار دیگری به نام ادوبی ایمیج‌ردی نصب می‌شد که روی آماده‌سازی تصاویر برای وب تمرکز داشت. تنظیم دقیق فرمت، کیفیت، فشرده‌سازی تصاویر و انیمیشن در فرمت گیف از امکانات این برنامه بودند. بعد از خرید شرکت مکرومدیا توسط آدوبی و اضافه شدن برنامه فایرورکس بسته‌های نرم‌افزاری آدوبی، اکثر امکانات این برنامه با فتوشاپ ادغام شدند.
از دید گرافیکی نرم‌افزار فتوشاپ توانایی کار با چندین نمونه رنگی را دارد، که عبارت‌اند از نمونه‌های رنگی آرجی‌بی، ال‌ای‌بی، سی‌ام‌وای‌کی، سیاه و سفید و …..
فتوشاپ قادر به خواندن و نوشتن پرونده‌های تصویری در قالب‌هایی از قبیل تیف TIFF، گیف GIF، جی‌پی ای چی JPEG، پی ان جی PNG و غیره‌است. هم‌چنین فرمت اختصاصی این نرم‌افزار PSD است.
شهرت فتوشاپ به این دلیل است که فرمت پی‌اس‌دی به صورت گسترده استفاده می‌شود و تا حدی توسط نرم‌افزارهای رقیب حمایت می‌شود. فرمت پی‌اس‌بی نسخه جدیدتری از فرمت قبلی است که برای فایل‌هایی با اندازه بیشتر از ۲ گیگابایت طراحی شده‌است. آخرین نسخه فتوشاپ CC 2018 می‌باشد.

 

امکانات جدید در نسخه CC 2018 نرم‌افزار فوتوشاپ


۱- الگو های آماده جذاب

۲- استفاده از فونت های متغیر برای طراحی متن ها

۳- ویژگیهای جدید Brush Preset با قابلیت نگهداری رنگ و اندازه قلم

۴- قابلیت Copy , Paste مستقیم لایه

۵- ابزار جدید Curvature Pen

۶- ویژگی Smoothing برای رسم خطوط

۷- قابلیت جالب رسم متقارن

۸- ویژگی جدید پانورامای ۳۶۰ درجه

۹- قابلیت جدید در بزرگ کردن تصاویر با حفظ جزییات

۱۰- پنل Learn آموزش قدم به قدم ابزارها

ویدئو معرفی امکانات فوتوشاپ CC 2018


150 دیدگاه برای “امکانات جدید فتوشاپ CC 2018

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